The satellite campsFrom 1942 onwards, the Ministry of Armament and the armaments industry increasingly demanded the use of concentration camp prisoners as labourers. This led to the establishment of a large number of satellite camps in the vicinity of production and construction sites, most of which were set up during the last year of the war. By 1945, Neuengamme concentration camp had 86 satellite camps in northern Germany. Some of these camps were occupied consecutively by different groups of prisoners. In March 1945, 13,000 men were imprisoned in Neuengamme main camp, while around 28,000 men and over 12,000 women were forced to work in the satellite camps for German companies, the Wehrmacht, the German state and the SS.
Satellite camps for men and women
Tens of thousands of people from all over Europe were used as slave labourers in more than 60 satellite camps of Neuengamme concentration camp during the second half of the war. They worked in armaments production, they built bunkers, fortifications, industrial plants and underground production facilities, and they had to clear away rubble and repair roads and other traffic routes.