Foto des Ausstellungsraums mit den Biografien der Kinder in der Gedenkstätte Bullenhuser Damm. Foto: KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme, 2012.
The children’s life stories in the exhibition in the Bullenhuser Damm Memorial. Photograph: Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial, 2012. (ANg 2014-471)

Bullenhuser Damm Memorial

Memorial plaque in the rose garden of the Bullenhuser Damm Memorial. Photograph: Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial, 2013. (ANg 2014-472)
Foto des Gedenksteins im Rosengarten der Gedenkstätte Bullenhuser Damm. Foto: KZ-Gedenkstätte Neuengamme, 2013.

The SS physician Dr Kurt Heißmeyer conducted tuberculosis experiments on prisoners in Neuengamme concentration camp. For this purpose, he had ten girls and ten boys brought to him from Auschwitz concentration camp in November 1944. They were between 5 and 12 years old. The children were cared for by two French prison doctors and two Dutch male prison nurses, who had been imprisoned as resistance fighters. Afterwards, to cover up the crime of this experiment, the SS decided to murder the children and their four caretakers. Just days before the end of the war, they were brought to the Bullenhuser Damm School, which was being used as a satellite camp at that time, in the war-ravaged district of Rothenburgsort. There, they were murdered in the basement of the school on the night of 20 April 1945. That same night, at least 24 Soviet concentration camp prisoners were also hanged in the basement.

The Bullenhuser Damm Memorial and Rose Garden for the Children of Bullenhuser Damm was built in 1980 to commemorate the victims of this crime. In 2011, a new permanent exhibition was opened (in German and English). It provides visitors with information about the site as a school and as a satellite camp of Neuengamme. It also tells about the medical experiments, the victims, how they were murdered, the perpetrators and how these crimes were dealt with after 1945. Roses can be planted in memory of the murdered children and prisoners in the rose garden behind the school playground. A bronze sculpture by Anatoli Mossitschuk was also erected in 1985 to commemorate the Soviet prisoners.

Address:
Bullenhuser Damm 92
20539 Hamburg
(S-Bahnhof Rothenburgsort, S2, S21)